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Rain slows down the last of seeding and hampers spraying

Saskatchewan Agriculture's Crop Report for the period June 7 to 13.
A raindrop dripping from a Saskatoon leaf.
The Crop Report for East-Central Saskatchewan covers Crop District 3ASW – Crop District 5 – Melville, Yorkton, Cupar, Kamsack, Foam Lake, Canora, Preeceville and Kelvington areas; Crop District 6A – Lumsden, Craik, Watrous and Clavet areas.

EAST-CENTRAL SASKATCHEWAN — Good seeding progress was made this past week throughout the East-Central Crop Region. Most producers have completed their operations while others are still trying to get into low areas if they have dried up enough. Some producers have decided to change their seeding intentions to shorter season crops or green feed.

The region once again got large amounts of rain this past week, slowing down the last of seeding and hampering any spraying operations. Rainfall also resulted in some major flooding in the Watrous area where 62 mm of rain was received. The Rhein area received 41 mm, the Foam Lake area 35 mm and the Elfros and Wynyard areas 20 mm. Some areas in the region reported hail along with the rain but crop damage has not been assessed yet.

Topsoil moisture continues to rise in the region. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 18 per cent surplus, 69 per cent adequate, 13 per cent short. Hay and pasture land topsoil moisture is rated as 17 per cent surplus, 66 per cent adequate, 14 per cent short and three per cent very short.

Crop development is behind for the region with only 61 per cent of the fall cereals, 33 per cent of the spring cereals, 28 per cent of the oilseed crops and 56 per cent of the pulse crops are at their normal stages of development for this time of year. Crop conditions range from fair to good in the region, with 66 per cent of the spring wheat, 56 per of the canola and 60 per cent of the lentils being in good condition at this time.

The majority of crop damage this week was due to minor hail, flooding, flea beetles and gophers. Producers are busy in crop spraying for weeds and insect pests where necessary.

Provincial Overview

Producers were able to wrap up most of the seeding operations in the province over the past week with 98 per cent of the crop now in the ground. There is still some seeding to be done in the east half of the province, where small portions of fields were too wet to seed. With recent rain in the region, these areas will likely go unseeded this season.

Multiple rain showers and thunderstorms hit the province over the past week. Several areas reported minor to severe flooding. While the rainfall caused damage in some areas, it was still very welcome to those who were desperately in need of moisture. In the west, the rain will hopefully allow crops to recover from the drought conditions, but due to the localized nature of the rainfall, much of the western regions will need more widespread rains soon to keep crops from failing. Some areas received hail over the past week, damage is currently unknown since many crops have not yet emerged, but enough hail was received in some areas to make it appear as if it had snowed.

The most rain was received north of Rosetown, in RM 317, where over 125 mm was recorded Monday night; the area experienced some flooding but most of the water was able to soak in. The Biggar area received 69 mm, the Dinsmore area 65 mm, the Bienfait and Rhein areas 41 mm, the Duck Lake area 34 mm and the Tyner and Bruno areas 25 mm. Many other areas received rain this past week.

With the rainstorms came the wind, which delayed many producers from being able to spray for weeds and insects such as flea beetles, cutworms and grasshoppers.

Provincially, topsoil moisture conditions have improved compared to the previous week. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated seven per cent surplus, 65 per cent adequate, 19 per cent short and nine per cent very short. Hay and pasture land is rated as six per cent surplus, 61 per cent adequate, 24 per cent short and nine per cent very short. For some hay fields in drier areas, the rain might have come too late and the hay crop may not be ready for first cut in a couple of weeks. In areas where moisture was abundant, the crops look very good.

Provincially, 69 per cent of fall cereals, 60 per cent of pulse crops, 50 per cent of spring cereals and 41 per cent of oilseed crops are at their normal stages of development for this time of year.

Crop conditions across the province mostly range from fair to good. With the recent rains, producers are hopeful that conditions will improve, especially in the west. Most damage this week was from drought, flooding, insects (flea beetles, grasshoppers and cutworms), gophers, hail and wind. Producers have wrapped up some of their reseeding operations and are now turning their focus back to spraying to keep pests under control.